It contains multipotent neural stem cells The aim of


It contains multipotent neural stem cells. The aim of

this study was to investigate the tissue around the SVZ, with the hypothesis that multimodal MRI is able to highlight the progressive disruption of tissue caused by the neurodegenerative disease in this area. We combined volumetric and diffusion tensor (DTI) imaging using a 3 T imager in a cross-sectional study including 30 patients with amnestic-mild cognitive impairment (a-MCI), 30 patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and 30 age- and gender-matched healthy controls (HC). Our data indicate that mean diffusivity (MD) values increase continuously from HC through a-MCI to AD in the bilateral SVZ, where most of the proliferating stem cells in the adult brain are located. This result was specific for the SVZ and could not be observed in other periventricular areas. OTX015 datasheet Multimodal MRI, being able to highlight structural changes of microscopic tissue in humans in vivo, could represent a precious tool to complement histological studies of neurogenesis. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Purpose: We investigated the effect of pelvic floor muscle training on the efficacy of full spectrum therapy and maximal voided volume in children with nocturnal enuresis. We also determined factors predicting treatment outcome, full spectrum therapy duration and the relapse

rate. Full spectrum therapy is a combination of alarm, reward, timed voiding and drinking, over learning and pelvic floor muscle training.

Materials and Methods: A total of 63 consecutive children were referred to the physiotherapy department for full spectrum therapy to resolve nocturnal enuresis, including 32 in the experimental group who underwent full spectrum therapy with pelvic floor muscle training and 31 in the control group who underwent full spectrum therapy without second training.

Results: There was no significant difference in treatment

outcome, duration, maximal voided volume and relapse between the 2 groups. Of all children 89% became dry within 6 months. During the year after treatment 33.3% and 37.9% of the experimental and control groups relapsed, while the relapse rate at 1 year was 7.4% and 20.7%, respectively. Age and child motivation were associated with the duration of success (p = 0.04 and <0.01, respectively). Secondary enuresis and psychosocial problems were factors significantly related to relapse (each p <0.01).

Conclusions: There is no beneficial effect of including pelvic floor muscle training in full spectrum therapy. Older children and those with better motivation experienced more rapid success. Factors predicting relapse were secondary enuresis and psychosocial problems.”
“The influence of the environment on clinical post-operative pain received recently more attention in human. A very common paradigm in experimental pain research to model the effect of housing conditions is the enriched environment (EE). During EE-housing, rats are housed in a large cage (i.e.

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