The results revealed that the crude aqueous extract of carob leav

The results revealed that the crude aqueous extract of carob leaves could be a promising source for antioxidant as well as antitumor bioactive agents.”
“The risk of developing colorectal cancer is increased in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Surveillance colonoscopy has not been shown to prolong survival and rates of interval cancer are reported to be high. Various chemopreventive agents have been clearly shown to reduce the risk of colorectal adenoma and cancer

in the general population and the problems associated with colonoscopic surveillance have led to increasing interest in utilising chemopreventive strategies to reduce the risk of colorectal selleck cancer in patients with inflammatory bowel disease as well. Continuing CP690550 colonic inflammation has been shown to be important in the development of colorectal cancer and therefore anti-inflammatory agents have been considered potential chemopreventive agents. As present no agents have been shown to have indisputable chemopreventive activity in IBD but 5-ASAs and thiopurine analogues by reducing inflammation are likely to have some chemopreventive activity and will often be indicated for disease control. More studies are needed using agents such as aspirin and calcium which have been shown to be chemopreventive in sporadic colorectal neoplasia.

(C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Study Design. A prospective study of patients who underwent multilevel balloon kyphoplasty at a single institute.

Objective. To examine and

compare the safety and long-term radiographic and clinical effects of unilateral or bilateral balloon kyphoplasty to treat click here multilevel symptomatic vertebral compression fractures.

Summary of Background Data. Typically, balloon kyphoplasty involves placement of inflatable bone tamp via a bilateral transpedicular or extrapedicular approach. Recently, several articles reported unilateral kyphoplasty with comparable outcomes. However, few prospective randomized study comparing the radiographic and clinical outcomes using unilateral and bilateral approaches was reported.

Methods. Forty-nine patients with 114 Osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures were randomly allocated into two groups adopting unilateral or bilateral balloon kyphoplasty. Preoperative and postoperative pain scores, back disability, and 36-Item Short Form Health Survey scores were compared with at least a 2-year follow-up. Vertebral body height and vertebral body kyphotic angle from this cohort were analyzed before surgery, after surgery, and at final follow-up.

Results. Both unilateral and bilateral balloon kyphoplasty resulted in significant pain reduction and back dysfunction improvement and remained unchanged at final follow-up. Quality of life assessment using 36-Item Short Form Health Survey recorded marked and significant improvements in all mean subscale scores except general health and social function.

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