(C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3445869]“
“The chemotactic response of cells to graded fields of chemical cues is a complex process that requires the coordination of several intracellular activities. Fundamental steps to obtain a front vs. back differentiation in the cell are the localized distribution of internal molecules and the amplification of the external signal. The goal of this work is to develop a mathematical and computational model for the quantitative SYN-117 nmr study of such phenomena in the context of axon chemotactic pathfinding in neural development. In order to perform
turning decisions, axons develop front-back polarization in their distal structure, the growth cone. Starting from the recent experimental findings of the biased redistribution of receptors on the growth cone membrane, driven by the interaction with BYL719 research buy the cytoskeleton, we propose a model to investigate
the significance of this process. Our main contribution is to quantitatively demonstrate that the autocatalytic loop involving receptors, cytoplasmic species and cytoskeleton is adequate to give rise to the chemotactic behavior of neural cells. We assess the fact that spatial bias in receptors is a precursory key event for chemotactic response, establishing the necessity of a tight link between upstream gradient sensing and downstream cytoskeleton dynamics. We analyze further crosslinked effects and, among others, the contribution to polarization of internal enzymatic reactions, which entail the production of molecules with a one-to-more factor. The model shows that the enzymatic efficiency of such reactions must overcome a threshold in order to give rise to a sufficient amplification, another fundamental precursory step for obtaining polarization. Eventually, we address the characteristic behavior of the attraction/repulsion of axons subjected to the same cue, providing a quantitative indicator of the parameters which more critically determine this nontrivial chemotactic learn more response.”
“Electrospinning of Polyamide 6 (PA 6) in 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (TFE) was investigated
for the fabrication of nanofibrous nonwoven membranes useful for separation systems. The effects of solution characteristics such as concentration and conductivity as well as the effects of processing conditions such as relative humidity and applied potential on the resultant nonwoven fibers were studied. By changing the relative humidity of the electrospinning chamber and the conductivity of the solvent, it is possible to modulate the fiber’s size and consequently the porosity of the mats. The morphology of the electrospun PA 6 nanofibers was observed by scanning electron microscopy. The mechanical properties of the nanofibers were also studied. The results showed that PA 6 nanofibers having a diameter ranging from 100 to 600 nm, has been successfully prepared.