Forty-two patients achieving complete hematological remission were assessed for minimal residual disease (MRD) by WT1 gene expression; 34 by flow-cytometry (flow-MRD). Patients Selleck LY3023414 who were flow-MRD negative had a better 3-year disease-free (DFS; 79.5% vs. 27.3%; p =.032) compared with patients who were still positive after induction. Interestingly, DFS of flow-MRD positive patients
was not related to the amount of flow-detected clone population (>= or < 1%, p =.41) but to WT1 reduction (Delta WT1, 3-year DFS; 46.2% vs. 0% if Delta WT1
was >= or < of 1.5 log, p =.001). In AML, combining MRD results provided by WT1 quantification and flow-cytometry improves the reliability of MRD-based prognostic U0126 cost stratification. Similar analyses by further larger studies should be advocated. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“The objective of the present study was to investigate the in vitro and in vivo hepatoprotective properties of Cichorium endivia L. extract (CEE), and to identify its chemical constituents. CEE significantly blocked GSK3326595 purchase the oxidative stress and cytotoxicity induced by tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP) in HepG2 cells. Meanwhile, oral administration of CEE to mice before the treatment of t-BHP exhibited a markedly protective effect by lowering serum levels of ALT and AST, inhibiting the changes in liver biochemistry including MDA, SOD, GSH and GST, as well
as ameliorating the liver injuries according to the histopathological observations. According to the acute oral toxicity test, the LD(50) of CEE was greater than 5,000 mg/kg, which demonstrates that the CEE can be considered practically non-toxic. Phytochemical analysis of CEE showed the presence of five compounds identified as 2-furanmethanol-(5′-> 11)-1,3-cyclopentadiene-[5,4-c]-1H-cinnoline, which is a new cinnoline derivative derived from a natural source but not synthesis, 2-phenylethyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside, kaempferol-3-O-beta-D-glucoside, kaempferol, and adenosine. In the ORAC assay, CEE and its constituents kaempferol and kaempferol-3-O-beta-D-glucoside had considerable antioxidant potency.