NOTES hybrid transgastric cholecystectomy

\n\nNOTES hybrid transgastric cholecystectomy β-Nicotinamide datasheet can be performed safely in human patients. This procedure is still technically challenging given the current instrumentation that is available. In order to perform a pure NOTES transgastric cholecystectomy, a safe blind access method, improved retraction, endoscopic hemostatic clips, and reliable closure methods need to be developed.”
“Labelled blood cells permit nuclear medicine imaging using their physiological behaviours. The radiolabeling must be performed in vitro because of the lack of specific markers and requires several highly technical stages of preparation. Labelled

blood cells have not the medication drug status, so that the nuclear physician conducting the nuclear test is fully liable. In most cases, the physician delegates the technical responsibility to radiopharmacists. Although the status of radiolabelled autologous cells is not legally defined and in the absence of a specific repository, it is essential GSK690693 chemical structure that their preparation is subject to the requirements of the rules of French Good Manufacturing Practice published by Agence francaise de securite sanitaire des produits de sante (Afssaps). It would be desirable to harmonize the practices of radiolabeling cellular blood components by editing a repository. (C) 2010

Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.”
“Background: The now thriving field of neurophylogeny that links the morphology of the nervous system to early evolutionary events relies heavily on

detailed descriptions of the neuronal architecture of taxa under scrutiny. selleck kinase inhibitor While recent accounts on the nervous system of a number of animal clades such as arthropods, annelids, and molluscs are abundant, in depth studies of the neuroanatomy of nemerteans are still wanting. In this study, we used different staining techniques and confocal laser scanning microscopy to reveal the architecture of the nervous system of Lineus viridis with high anatomical resolution.\n\nResults: In L. viridis, the peripheral nervous system comprises four distinct but interconnected nerve plexus. The central nervous system consists of a pair of medullary cords and a brain. The brain surrounds the proboscis and is subdivided into four voluminous lobes and a ring of commissural tracts. The brain is well developed and contains thousands of neurons. It does not reveal compartmentalized neuropils found in other animal groups with elaborate cerebral ganglia.\n\nConclusions: The detailed analysis of the nemertean nervous system presented in this study does not support any hypothesis on the phylogenetic position of Nemertea within Lophotrochozoa. Neuroanatomical characters that are described here are either common in other lophotrochozoan taxa or are seemingly restricted to nemerteans.

01) Among the NOTES approaches, TC was superior for examining th

01). Among the NOTES approaches, TC was superior for examining the upper abdomen (P=0.03). Complete organ visualization was better with the transabdominal approach (visual analogue scale TAR 7.15, TAF 6.71) than with the NOTES access routes (TC 5.07, TG 4.35); standard rigid laparoscopy was superior to both NOTES approaches (P<0.01). Organ biopsy

simulation was possible in 87%, 85%, 72%, and 65% of cases with TAR, TAF, TC, and TG, respectively. Standard rigid laparoscopy was again superior to both NOTES approaches (TAR vs. TC, P=0.03; TAR vs. TG, P<0.01).\n\nConclusions: In this experimental trial, SB203580 MAPK inhibitor rigid standard laparoscopy provided better organ visualization, better lesion detection, and better biopsy capability than the transgastric and transcolonic NOTES approaches.

In its current form, NOTES appears to be unsuitable for diagnostic laparoscopy.”
“Introduction: The cycloid psychoses have LCL161 manufacturer not been included in the modern classifications what makes scientific research difficult. The aim of the present study is to investigate the presence and specific characteristics of the cycloid psychoses in a broad sample of first psychotic episodes.\n\nMethods: Seventy patients diagnosed with one-year first schizophrenia episode, schizophreniform disorder, or schizoaffective disorder were studied (mean age, 27.9 years old; SD +/- 6.34). The detection of the possible cases of cycloid psychosis was done according to the Perris and Brockington operational criteria. Two groups of “cycloid” (n = 11) and “non cycloid” (n = 59) patients

were compared according to demographic and clinical variables, and possible diagnostic variables were evaluated by the ROC curves.\n\nResults: Significant differences were found between cycloid and non cycloid groups for a number of clinical variables: prodromic symptoms (p < 0.001), PANSS total score (p = 0.003), PANSS-P (p = 0.009), PANSS-GP (p = 0.001), total score for mania by EVMAC (p = 0.001), and CDSS for depression (p = 0.004). ROC curves were significant for PANSS-GP (AUC = 0.791, p = 0.002), EVMAC (AUC = 0.938, p = 0.001), and CDSS (AUC = 0.770, p = 0.005). A sensitivity/specificity study demonstrated a negative predictive value for PANSS-GP (93.88%), EVMAC (96.30%), and CDSS (93.88%).\n\nConclusions: According to these results, cycloid psychoses might represent differentiated and well-defined clinical entity. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“At the University of Tokyo Hospital, investigator-driven clinical development of novel drugs and medical devices is mainly supported by the Translational Research Center and Clinical Research Support Center. The former supports non-clinical research and the preparation of test materials and the latter supports clinical trials.

(C) 2010 Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (Scottish charity

(C) 2010 Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (Scottish charity number SC005317) and Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“HLA-B*13:70 differs from HLA-B*13:02:01 by one nucleotide (A to G) at nucleotide position 329 in exon 2.”
“Aim To assess whether, under conditions permitting full evaporation, body heat storage during physical activity measured by

partitional calorimetry would be lower with warm relative to cold fluid ingestion because of a disproportionate increase in evaporative heat loss potential relative to internal heat transfer with the ingested fluid. Methods Nine males cycled at 50% VO2max for 75 min at 23.6 +/- 0.6 degrees C and 23 +/- 11% RH while learn more consuming water of either 1.5 degrees C, 10 degrees C, 37 degrees C or 50 degrees C in four

3.2 mL kg-1 boluses. The water was administered 5 min before and 15, 30 and 45 min following selleck chemicals the onset of exercise. Results No differences in metabolic heat production, sensible or respiratory heat losses (all P > 0.05) were observed between fluid temperatures. However, while the increased internal heat loss with cold fluid ingestion was paralleled by similar reductions in evaporative heat loss potential at the skin (Esk) with 10 degrees C (P = 0.08) and 1.5 degrees C (P = 0.55) fluid, the increased heat load with warm (50 degrees C) fluid ingestion was accompanied by a significantly greater Esk (P = 0.04). The resultant calorimetric heat storage was lower with 50 degrees C water ingestion in comparison to 1.5 degrees C, 10 degrees C and 37 degrees

C (all P < 0.05). In contrast, heat storage derived conventionally using thermometry yielded higher values following 50 degrees C fluid ingestion compared to 1.5 degrees C (P = 0.025). Conclusion Under conditions permitting full sweat evaporation, body heat storage is lower with warm water ingestion, likely because Nutlin-3 mw of disproportionate modulations in sweat output arising from warm-sensitive thermosensors in the esophagus/stomach. Local temperature changes of the rectum following fluid ingestion exacerbate the previously identified error of thermometric heat storage estimations.”
“Renal transplant recipients are at a high risk of developing infectious complications even caused by commensal bacteria. This is because of various physiological non-immunological, and immunological protective mechanisms are not fully efficient in RTx patients. Therefore, rapid and precise diagnostic tools are essential in this particular group of patients. We aimed to develop simple and sensitive protocol Flow-Fish for the study of gene expression in enterococci and to compare expression of genes involved in virulence regulation in biofilm and planktonic form of Enterococcus faecalis. Proper optimization of the method was demonstrated with analysis of dehydrogenase gene expression.

4, p smaller than 0 001), whereas in males, age showed no influen

4, p smaller than 0.001), whereas in males, age showed no influence on Anti-Mullerian hormone concentrations. In females, Anti-Mullerian hormone concentrations did not differ between users and non-users of hormonal contraceptives, smokers, and non-smokers and obese and lean individuals. However, there was a negative and significant correlation between Anti-Mullerian hormone and body mass index in males (r=-0.3, p=0.008). Conclusions Anti-Mullerian hormone Gen II assay was reliable for determining serum Anti-Mullerian hormone concentrations. Anti-Mullerian hormone concentrations declined p38 inhibitors clinical trials with aging and presented a wide inter-individual variability. The

lack of influence of hormonal contraceptives, smoking, and obesity on Anti-Mullerian hormone in both sexes allowed us to refine the normative concentrations for the Brazilian population.”
“A three-stage continuous fermentative colonic model system was used to monitor in vitro the effect of

different orange juice formulations on prebiotic activity. Three different juices with and without Bimuno, a GOS mixture containing galactooligosaccharides (B-GOS) were assessed in terms of their ability to induce a bifidogenic microbiota. The recipe development was based on incorporating 2.75g B-GOS into a 250 ml serving of juice (65 degrees Brix of concentrate juice). Alongside the production of B-GOS juice, a control juice – orange juice without any additional Bimuno and a positive control juice, containing all the components of Bimuno (glucose, galactose and FG4592 AZD2171 lactose) in the same relative proportions with the exception of B-GOS were developed. Ion Exchange Chromotography analysis was used to test the maintenance of bimuno components after the production process. Data showed that sterilisation had no significant effect on concentration of B-GOS and simple sugars. The three juice

formulations were digested under conditions resembling the gastric and small intestinal environments. Main bacterial groups of the faecal microbiota were evaluated throughout the colonic model study using 16S rRNA-based fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Potential effects of supplementation of the juices on microbial metabolism were studied measuring short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) using gas chromatography. Furthermore, B-GOS juices showed positive modulations of the microbiota composition and metabolic activity. In particular, numbers of faecal bifidobacteria and lactobacilli were significantly higher when B-GOS juice was fermented compared to controls. Furthermore, fermentation of B-GOS juice resulted in an increase in Roseburia subcluster and concomitantly increased butyrate production, which is of potential benefit to the host. In conclusion, this study has shown B-GOS within orange juice can have a beneficial effect on the fecal microbiota.


“Background. HM781-36B mouse Cyclic recruitment and derecruitment (R/D) play a key role in the pathomechanism of acute lung injury (ALI)

leading to respiration-dependent oscillations of arterial partial pressure of oxygen (Pa-O2). These Pa-O2 oscillations could also be forwarded to the cerebral microcirculation.\n\nMethods. In 12 pigs, partial pressure of oxygen was measured in the thoracic aorta (Pa-O2) and subcortical cerebral tissue (Pbr(O2)). Cerebral cortical haemoglobin oxygen saturation (Sbr(O2)), cerebral blood flow (CBF), and peripheral haemoglobin saturation (Sp(O2)) were assessed by spectroscopy and laser Doppler flowmetry. Measurements at different fractions of inspired oxygen (FIO2) were performed at baseline and during cyclic R/D. Statistics: frequency domain analysis, the Mann-Whitney test, linear models to test the influence of Pa-O2 and systolic arterial pressure (SAP) oscillations on cerebral measurements.\n\nResults. Parameters [mean (SD)] remained stable during baseline. Pa-O2 oscillations [10.6 (8) kPa, phase(reference)], systemic arterial pressure (SAP) oscillations [20 (9) mm Hg, phase(PaO2-SAP)-33 (72)degrees], and Sp(O2) oscillations [1.9 (1.7)%, phase(PaO2-SpO2) 264 (72)degrees] were detected during lung R/D at FIO2 1.0. Pa-O2 oscillations decreased [2.7 (3.5)

kPa, P=0.0008] and Sp(O2) oscillations increased [6.8 (3.9)%, P=0.0014] at FIO2 0.3. In the brain, synchronized Pbr(O2) oscillations [0.6 (0.4) kPa, phase(PaO2-PbrO2) 90 (39)degrees], Cilengitide Sbr(O2) oscillations [4.1 (1.5)%, phase(PaO2-SbrO2) 182 (54)degrees], and CBF oscillations [198 (176) AU, phase(PaO2-CBF) 201 (63)degrees] occurred that were dependent on Pa-O2 and SAP oscillations.\n\nConclusions. Pa-O2 oscillations caused by cyclic R/D are transmitted

to the cerebral microcirculation in a porcine model of ALI. These cyclic oxygen alterations could play a role in the crosstalk of acute lung and brain injury.”
“As patients near the end of life, bereaved family members provide an important source of evaluation of the care they receive. A study was conducted to identify which processes of care were associated with greater satisfaction with hospice services from the perception of bereaved family members. A total of 116,974 surveys from 819 hospices Screening Library in vivo in the United States were obtained via the 2005 Family Evaluation of Hospice Care, an online repository of surveys of bereaved family members’ perceptions of the quality of hospice care maintained by the National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization. Overall satisfaction was dichotomized as “excellent” vs. “other” (very good, good, fair, and poor). Using multivariate logistic regression, the association between overall satisfaction and the individual item problem scores that compose the Family Evaluation of Hospice Care were examined.

Collectively, these results provide evidence that 7HF-mediated in

Collectively, these results provide evidence that 7HF-mediated inhibition of pro-inflammatory cytokines functionally results in marked protection in experimental models of acute and chronic inflammation. (C) 2010

Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“NK cells employ a variety of activating receptors to kill virally infected and tumor cells. Prominent among these receptors are the natural cytotoxicity receptors (NCRs) (NKp30, NKp44, and NKp46), of which only NKp46 has a mouse ortholog (NCR1). The tumor ligand(s) of NKp46/NCR1 is still unknown, but selleck chemicals llc it was shown that the human NKp46 and the mouse NCR1 are involved in tumor eradication both in vitro and in vivo. Whether any of the NK activating receptors is involved in the prevention of tumor metastasis is unknown. To address this question, we studied

the activity of the NK cell receptor NKp46/NCR1 in two spontaneous metastasis models, the B16F10.9 melanoma (B16) and the Lewis lung carcinoma (D122) in the NCR1 knockout mouse that was generated by our group, in various in vitro and in vivo assays. We demonstrated that all B16 and D122 tumors, including those generated in vivo, express an unknown ligand(s) for NKp46/NCR1. We have characterized the properties of the NKp46/NCR1 ligand(s) and demonstrated that NKp46/NCR1 is directly involved in the killing selleckchem of B16 and D122 cells. Importantly, we showed in vivo that NKp46/NCR1 plays an important role in controlling B16 and D122 metastasis. Thus, to our knowledge, in this study we provide the first evidence for the direct involvement of a specific NK killer receptor in preventing tumor metastasis. The Journal of Immunology, 2012, 188: 2509-2515.”
“Inspection of protein-protein interaction maps illustrates that a hub protein

can interact with a very large number of proteins, reaching tens and even hundreds. Since a single protein cannot interact with such a large number of partners at the same time, this presents a challenge: can we figure out which interactions can occur simultaneously and which are mutually excluded? Addressing this question adds a fourth dimension into interaction maps: that of time. Including the time dimension in structural networks is an immense asset; time dimensionality transforms network node-and-edge maps into cellular processes, assisting in the comprehension of cellular pathways and their regulation. While the time dimensionality can be further enhanced by linking protein complexes to time series of mRNA expression data, current robust, network experimental data are lacking.

7%) of these teeth presented radiographically with a normal peria

7%) of these teeth presented radiographically with a normal periapical appearance and reacted normally to sensibility testing, whereas 67 (36.0%) presented with small changes in the periapical bone pattern and reacted in the high normal range to sensibility testing. Teeth with PAI scores < 2 presented with occasional spontaneous pain. Teeth with PAI scores >= 3 presented with clinical symptoms

and signs ranging from pain on percussion to spontaneous pain, and slight swelling to sinus tract drainage. Based on the findings of this study, endodontic treatment should be initiated in teeth with tenderness to percussion, PAI scores >= 3 and a negative response to sensibility testing.”
“In order to obtain insight into host responses to grapevine downy mildew (Plasmopara SB273005 in vivo viticola), we compared pathogen development on a panel of Vitis species from North America, Asia and Europe.

Leaf discs from different host species were inoculated in parallel, and the colonisation of the mesophyll was visualised by aniline blue staining and quantified with respect to infection incidence and mycelial growth. In parallel, the morphology of guard cells was screened for the presence of an internal cuticular rim after staining with acridine LY2090314 PI3K/Akt/mTOR inhibitor orange and using low-temperature scanning electron microscopy. We observed three response patterns: (i) inhibition of pathogen development early after attachment of zoospores; (ii) successful colonisation of the mesophyll by the pathogen; and (iii) aberrant development, where the pathogen does not attach to guard cells, but produces hyphae on the leaf surface without formation of viable sporangiophores. Inhibition is observed in the North American and Siberian species, successful colonisation prevails in the European hosts, and surface hyphae are found on non-Siberian Asiatic species. We propose that the interaction between host and pathogen is Vorinostat cost under control of specific signals that have been subject to evolutionary diversification.”
“Objective: To explore the role of a community-based

intervention in reducing delays in accessing emergency obstetric care (EmOC) in rural Bangladesh, and the factors associated with delayed decision making, reaching the health facility and receiving treatment. Study design: Quasi-experimental study. Methods: Multistage random sampling was used to select 540 villages, from which 1200 women who reported obstetric complications in MarcheApril 2010 were interviewed. Results: The median time taken to make the decision to access health care was significantly lower in the intervention areas compared with the control areas (80 vs 90 min). In addition, the median time taken to reach the health facility was significantly lower in the intervention areas compared with the control areas (110 vs 135 min). However, no difference was found in the median time taken to receive treatment.

Results When compared to SCA, CJP was associated with

\n\nResults When compared to SCA, CJP was associated with

significantly less “prolongation of evacuation” but more “use of laxatives” in the intermediate-term follow-up, while both less “sensation of incomplete evacuation” and less “fragmentation” was found after CJP in the long-term. When compared to TCP, CJP was associated with significantly less fragmentation in the intermediate-term follow-up.\n\nConclusions Evacuation DZNeP disorders are a unique problem of low anterior resection and are not specifically related to the colon J-pouch.”
“Background and purposeStudies mostly use the analysis of heart rate variability to measure cardiovascular autonomic regulation in ischemic stroke. Besides power spectral analysis of heart rate variability, this study sought to determine whether autonomic function was impaired during different phases in ischemic stroke by Ewing’s battery of autonomic function tests.\n\nMethodsNinety-four patients with ischemic stroke (34 patients in acute phase and 60 patients in chronic phase, average six-months after stroke onset) and thirty-seven elderly controls were recruited. Ewing’s battery autonomic function tests and power spectral analysis of heart rate variability

were performed in all the subjects.\n\nResultsFrom power spectral analysis of heart rate variability, stroke patients of both acute and chronic phases had significantly lower low frequency power spectral density than controls. From Ewing’s battery of autonomic function tests, patients in acute selleckchem phase showed impairment in two parasympathetic tests (Valsalva ratio: P=0002; heart rate response to deep breathing: P<0001) and those in chronic phase showed impairment in all parasympathetic tests (all P<005) in comparison with

controls.\n\nConclusionsThe comprehensive assessment indicates that autonomic dysfunction occurs in acute phase of ischemic stroke and may persist up to six-months after stroke. Parasympathetic dysfunction rather than sympathetic dysfunction is predominant after ischemic stroke.”
“Gender and the structure of the inflorescence and flowers of Pappea capensis (Sapindaceae) SNDX-275 are investigated in a locality around Pretoria (22-27 degrees S and 25-32 degrees E). The trees flower over a long period (December to April) and are basically monoecious, starting with male flowers followed by female flowers towards the end of the flowering period, although some trees may be predominantly male and some predominantly female. The inflorescence is a reduced thyrse with small flowers. Male flowers have five ephemeral petals, eight stamens and a rudimental pistil. Female flowers comprise a 3-lobed ovary, a single style and stigma and eight staminodes. (C) 2010 SAAB. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

“Objectives: To examine the spectrum and severity of magne

“Objectives: To examine the spectrum and severity of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to investigate the predictive value of MRI findings for subsequent development of conventional radiographic (CR) damage and MRI DZNeP order erosions.\n\nMethods: 84 consecutive patients with RA with disease duration,1 year were enrolled. Patients were treated according to standard

clinical practice, and evaluated at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months by core measures of disease activity, conventional radiographs of both hands and wrists and MRI of the dominant wrist. MR images were scored according to the OMERACT rheumatoid arthritis magnetic resonance imaging score (RAMRIS), and conventional radiographs according to the van der Heijde modified Sharp score.\n\nResults: MRI findings reflecting inflammation (synovitis, bone marrow oedema and tenosynovitis) decreased during follow-up, while there was a small increase in MRI erosion score and CR damage. The proportion of patients with erosive progression at 1 year was 48% for conventional radiography and 66% for MRI. Baseline MRI bone marrow oedema (score >2 RAMRIS units) was identified as an independent

predictor of both CR (odds ratio=2.77 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.06 to RG-7112 in vivo 7.21)) and MRI erosive progression (B=0.21 (95% CI 0.08 to 0.34)).\n\nConclusions: MRI findings were common in early RA, and MRI bone marrow oedema was an independent predictor of radiographic damage. These results suggest that MRI scans of the dominant wrist may help clinicians to determine which patients need early and aggressive treatment to avoid

subsequent joint damage.”
“The activities of ceftaroline, the active metabolite of the pro-drug ceftaroline fosamil, a novel anti-meticillin-resistant staphylococcal cephalosporin, and nine comparators were determined against surveillance isolates collected in 2008-2009. Over 3000 isolates associated with complicated skin and skin-structure infections (cSSSIs) were collected from 106 centres in 19 countries. MICs were determined using CLSI broth microdilution methodology. Clonal relatedness of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) see more with raised ceftaroline MICs (2 mg/L) was assessed by MLST, PFGE and mec typing. The presence of Panton-Valentine leukocidin in these isolates was also determined. Ceftaroline was active against 500 MRSA and 479 meticillin-susceptible S. aureus, with MIC50/90 values of 0.5/2 mg/L and 0.25/0.25 mg/L, respectively. For coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS), the ceftaroline MIC50/90 values for meticillin-resistant strains (n = 159) were the same as those seen for MRSA. Meticillin-susceptible CoNS (n = 113) had the same MIC90 as that seen with S. aureus, but the MIC50 was lower at 0.06 mg/L. Ceftaroline was also active against beta-haemolytic streptococci (n = 526; MIC50/90 = 0.004/0.015 mg/L), other streptococci (n = 75; 0.015/0.

8); Group M (n=83, GRWR 0 8-1 0); Group L (n=73, GRWR > 1 0)

8); Group M (n=83, GRWR 0.8-1.0); Group L (n=73, GRWR > 1.0). Recovery of graft function, incidence of small-for-size syndrome and rate of complications were compared among the three groups. Results: There were no significant differences in the baseline characteristics in both the donors and recipients, nor in the intensive care unit stay hours, re-operation rate, hospital stay after operation, Clavien System score and recovery of graft function

after transplantation, selleck screening library among the three groups. The small-for-size syndrome rates were 13%, 7.23% and 11% in Groups S, M and B, and no significant difference was noted among the three groups. Conclusions: GRWR may not be the only factor affecting recipient prognosis after LDLT. Local graft dysfunction such as impaired venous outflow, severity of disease and portal hyperperfusion in the recipient, and fatty liver in donor may influence the graft and thus the prognosis of transplantation.”
“Obesity is accompanied by adipocyte death and

accumulation of macrophages and mast cells in expanding adipose tissues. Considering the differences in biological behavior of fat found in different anatomical locations, we explored the distribution of mast cells, solitary macrophages, and crown-like structures (CLS), the surrogates BAY 73-4506 concentration for dead adipocytes, in subcutaneous and abdominal visceral fat of lean and diet-induced obese C57BL/6 mice. In fat depots of lean mice, mast cells were far less prevalent than solitary macrophages. Subcutaneous fat contained more mast cells, but fewer solitary macrophages and CLS, than visceral fat. Whereas no significant change in mast cell density of subcutaneous

fat was observed, obesity was accompanied by a substantial increase in mast cells in visceral fat. CLS became prevalent in visceral fat of obese mice, and the distribution paralleled mast cells. Adipose tissue mast cells BKM120 contained and released preformed TNF-alpha, the cytokine implicated in the pathogenesis of obesity-linked insulin resistance.jlr In summary, subcutaneous fat differed from visceral fat by immune cell composition and a lower prevalence of CLS both in lean and obese mice. The increase in mast cells in visceral fat of obese mice suggests their role in the pathogenesis of obesity and insulin resistance.-Altintas, M. M., A. Azad, B. Nayer, G. Contreras, J. Zaias, C. Faul, J. Reiser, and A. Nayer. Mast cells, macrophages, and crown-like structures distinguish subcutaneous from visceral fat in mice. J. Lipid Res. 2011. 52: 480-488.”
“Background: Chronic pain affects nearly 116 million American adults at an estimated cost of up to $635 billion annually and is the No. 1 condition for which patients seek care at integrative medicine clinics. In our Study on Integrative Medicine Treatment Approaches for Pain (SIMTAP), we observed the impact of an integrative approach on chronic pain and a number of other related patient-reported outcome measures.